Cyberspace is characterised by the use of electronics and the electromagnetic spectrum to store, modify, and exchange data via networked systems and associated physical infrastructures. In effect, it is a domain which can be described as the interconnection of humans through global computer network and telecommunication to facilitate online communications without reference to physical geography. Cyberspace's core feature is an interactive and virtual environment for a broad range of participants. It allows users to share information, swap ideas, interact, engage in discussions or social forums, conduct business and create intuitive media, among many other activities. It is this wide spectrum which allows it to penetrate many boundaries seamlessly and makes it highly suitable and susceptible for a new form of warfare. Traditionally, wars have been fought over the lines of communication, be it land, sea or air. It is no different with cyberspace which is fast emerging as the dominant medium of communication. Rightly identified as the 5th dimension of warfare, cyberspace includes Cyber Warfare, Cyber deterrence Critical Infrastructure Security and numerous other subsets. During a recent seminar titled Cybertech India 2018, these facets of cyberspace were analysed and discussed in great detail by a number of luminaries and experts. The topic deservingly becomes the cover story for our July –August issue and the issues raised need urgent attention, in order to secure ourselves against the debilitating effects which may be caused by state and non-state actors.
‘Arming Smart Part II’ is another major feature in this issue. Having identified the need to acquire capability in different segments in Part I, this issue deals with means to acquire the capability through a strong industrial base and a pragmatic policy to encourage and bolster the same. Our contributors are two of the foremost experts in the field- Lt Gen JP Singh and Lt Gen Subrata Saha, coincidentally both former Deputy Chiefs of the Indian Army.
Lt Gen Ata Hasnain as always has contributed two thought provoking articles on ‘Changing World Order ‘ and ‘Power of Interaction in Effective Leadership’. Having been conferred with the honour of being appointed Chancellor of Kashmir University recently, we are very proud of General Hasnain. His intellect and spirit continue to guide us.
Vice Admiral Chauhan’s feature on South China Sea is one with characteristic details, particularly the background explained so lucidly. Our readers will benefit from reading all the other articles as well for their informative value and sound analyses.